Twitter CEO, Jack Dorsey is usually laid back on Twitter while users throw lighthearted banter at his Twitter account @Jack.

But in the wake of manipulation and the constant criticism of Facebook for its slack ways to combat fake news, gun control, explicit content, and the infamous Cambridge Analytica case and invasion of privacy it occasioned by abusing user privacy, other social networks have become more concerted in their efforts not to fall victim.

In the second half of last year, Twitter suspended a lot of Nigerian influencer accounts and even ordinary accounts they felt could be bots. They also suspended some accounts for piracy, fake news, content theft, spamming and hate speech/revenge porn.

Linda Ikeji
Linda Ikeji

While some accounts were unlocked between 24 hours to months later, an account like Nigerian entrepreneur’s, Linda Ikeji's remains suspended.

What are bots?

Bots are basically a manipulation of technology to create multiple accounts that belong to and are managed by either tech networks or human beings managing a number of fake accounts.

These accounts are usually created for concentrated efforts to increase followers at an astronomical rate so people could become influencers or to fuel certain conversations - usually hashtags.

A mechanism that Twitter uses to fish out robots. (Twitter)
A mechanism that Twitter uses to fish out robots. (Twitter)

These things con the system and flood it with unwanted content. While they were once overlooked, there is now an increased concentration on Twitter to flush them out. One of those mechanisms was the very frustrating, “Are you a robot?” process that became unpopular in 2018.

12 Nigerian influencers get suspended by Twitter

Bhadmus Hakeem AKA Bhadoosky, one of the 'influencers' who got their Twitter accounts suspended.. (TSB)
Bhadmus Hakeem AKA Bhadoosky, one of the 'influencers' who got their Twitter accounts suspended.. (TSB)

Earlier today, news broke that Nigerian Twitter influencers; Badmus Hakeem (Tweets @Bhadoosky), Jokunle (@Jokunle), Ani Nomso (@ani_nomso), Shawnife (@Shawnife_), Official Bmax (@OfficialBmax), Uche Kush (@UcheKush_), Lazy Writa (@LazyWrita), Rouvafe (@Rouvafe), Abdulaxis (@iam_abdulaxis), Switchme, Enekem Greg (@EnekemGreg) got suspended for unknown reasons as Twitter has released no statement.

While Pulse spoke with former tech influencer and Nigerian writer with Concaholic, he thinks, “Most of them are my guys and the only acceptable reason for this (suspension) will be if they stole other people's content, which I don't think any of them did or maybe they did, and I'm not aware. But I don't think they did. Bhadoosky was even verified. This is a serious crackdown.

Twitter users have, however, been bubbling with theories like content theft or bot activity for the suspension.

But with the suspensions so close to the Presidential elections and the promotion of viral hashtags like #RestInPeaceAPC, #AtikuMyVal, #RejectBuhari, #AtikuIsBetter that made top 10 Nigerian trending topics on different days, the election-charged hashtag theory seems plausible.

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Speculatively, that might have been deemed unfair advantage or exploitation of Twitter, especially with how sensitive the Nigerian Presidential elections of 2019 looks set to be.

In some ways, the promotion of these hashtags might have involved bots and could have been deemed spamming. Some have regarded Twitter NG to be the largest African market Twitter commands, so risking that market for influencers might have been too big a risk, so the influencers got cut.

Usually, some suspended accounts get reactivated within 24 hours. Sometimes though, reactivation takes months to never.

Who are influencers?

Ordinarily, they are basically social media users with high following who charge money to change brand opinions - not to be confused with ‘Digital marketers’ who drive traffic to certain phenomena.

Thus, while you can be both an influencer and a digital marketer, most of the Nigerians we call influencers are actually digital marketers.

Mayowa George, a former influencer and writer who spoke to Pulse. (Twitter/Wana____)
Mayowa George, a former influencer and writer who spoke to Pulse. (Twitter/Wana____)

While speaking to Pulse, Mayowa George said, “In fairness, many of those on this list are digital marketers, not influencers. What they do is create general awareness through trends. An influencer changes brand opinion among customers. To be an influencer, you must have a niche or market where your opinion is respected in.

I used to review mobile phones back in the day. I'd review and recommend to people based on their budgets. Did a couple stuff for Samsung, Lenovo, Tecno and others. People would message asking about a device and I'd say "yeah, I've tried it. This is wrong but this is great with it. If you can afford it, you should.

People like Knewkeed and Fisayo Fosudo are leaders in that market. In beauty, you have people like Deola (OmogeMura). For cooking/lifestyle, maybe SisiYemmie. These are influencers. If you look at the list you sent me now, you probably can't pinpoint the markets these people can influence.”

In Nigeria though, we have conflated the two to mean the same thing, so ‘influencer’ is now a colloquial umbrella term for people in the digital marketing/influencer space.

If it was discovered that the election issues caused the suspension, were the Nigerian influencers wrong?

Ordinarily, social media and the internet will always be veritable and potent tools during elections, and somehow, they will be used to push agendas. However, what matters is how you use social media. If it is for information dissemination or promotion, social media will be a reasonable tool.

But when it comes to propaganda machinations, smear campaigns by digital marketers/influencers, that might mean an abuse of these platforms, especially when these propaganda become trending topics and reach higher on a list of trending topics like some hashtags - RestInPeaceAPC or RejectBuhari seem to have done over the past 48 hours, there might be a problem.

Mayowa George, however, has a different opinion. He says, “Twitter has the least daily users of the major social networks, surprisingly even lesser than Snapchat, and I don't think they should be booting people out without reason.particularly people with hundreds of thousands of followers like this.”

At this time though, Twitter is awash with comments on these suspensions. 

Attempts to confirm why the 'influencers' were suspended have so far proved abortive, but if it's about elections, these influencers might have had it coming.