ADVERTISEMENT

3 illnesses that come with the harsh harmattan season in Nigeria - and how you can avoid them

Sneezing, which is a symptom of cold, is one of the infections that come with the harsh harmattan season in Nigeria
  • The annual harmattan season has officially started here in Nigeria.
  • As usual, it comes with dry air that is harsh on the skin and a lot of dust.
  • This season can also trigger certain diseases. Below are the tips you need to deal with these ailments.

Harmattan in Nigeria is characterised by dry, cold weather, low humidity, very cold mornings and evenings.

The season usually triggers some unpleasant infections and diseases. Here is how to take care of yourself during the season:

  • Asthma or bronchitis attacks  

The dusty haze that comes with harmattan results in the deterioration of air quality which can aggravate the respiratory system. This along with the cold weather can lead to asthma or bronchitis attack.

ADVERTISEMENT

Bronchitis is what you get when there is an inflammation and swelling of the lining of the bronchial tubes (these are the major air passages that go from the trachea (the windpipe) into the lungs).

To reduce your chances of getting these attacks, wear a mask over your nose when you have to leave your house. Avoid close contact with people who have a cold or the flu, wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your face.

  • Cold
ADVERTISEMENT

The dryness and low humidity that comes with the harmattan period increases the spread of infections or diseases like a cold. Symptoms include cough, catarrh, sore throat and runny nose.

To prevent or cope with a cold, you need to stay warm by wearing appropriate clothing. Boost your immune system by taking lots of fruits and vegetables with Vitamin C.

It is also advisable to increase your fluid intake and dream warm water, tea, and other hot beverages.

  • Meningitis
ADVERTISEMENT

Meningitis is a bacterial or viral infection of the meninges, which cover the brain and spinal cord. This serious disease can spread quickly from person to person especially during the harmattan season.

Most common symptoms of the deadly disease include stiff neck, high fever, headaches, and vomiting.

You can reduce the risk by not smoking, washing hands thoroughly, keeping your surfaces clean and avoid sharing personal items like toothbrushes and straws.

Other health hazards include nosebleeds and conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye.

JOIN OUR PULSE COMMUNITY!

Unblock notifications in browser settings.
ADVERTISEMENT

Eyewitness? Submit your stories now via social or:

Email: eyewitness@pulse.ng

Recommended articles

Meet the Sapeurs, Congolese who wear expensive outfits though they live in poor communities

Meet the Sapeurs, Congolese who wear expensive outfits though they live in poor communities

Nigeria’s currency hits a new record low on the official market

Nigeria’s currency hits a new record low on the official market

Top 10 African cities with the highest purchasing power

Top 10 African cities with the highest purchasing power

Aliko Dangote announces refinery license to process 300,000 barrels of Nigerian crude daily

Aliko Dangote announces refinery license to process 300,000 barrels of Nigerian crude daily

10 African countries with the highest fertility rate in 2023

10 African countries with the highest fertility rate in 2023

Top 10 African countries leading in attracting and retaining talents

Top 10 African countries leading in attracting and retaining talents

Top 10 African cities with the most expensive real estate

Top 10 African cities with the most expensive real estate

7 reasons women don't get wet even when aroused

7 reasons women don't get wet even when aroused

UK High Commissioner laments how ‘corruption is holding Ghana back’

UK High Commissioner laments how ‘corruption is holding Ghana back’

ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT