In Jerusalem Franciscan friars, guardians of Holy Sepulchre

Dispatched to the city 800 years ago by the Catholic order's founder, Saint Francis of Assisi, the Franciscans have for centuries ensured a permanent Christian presence in the Holy Land.

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Franciscan friars pray and sing during the daily prayer inside the latin chapel at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Old City of Jerusalem, on February 17, 2018 play

Franciscan friars pray and sing during the daily prayer inside the latin chapel at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Old City of Jerusalem, on February 17, 2018

(AFP)
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Wearing traditional brown robes held in place by a white belt with three knots symbolising vows of "poverty, chastity and obedience", Franciscan friars have long been a part of Jerusalem's landscape.

Dispatched to the city 800 years ago by the Catholic order's founder, Saint Francis of Assisi, the Franciscans have for centuries ensured a permanent Christian presence in the Holy Land.

Croatian friar Sinisa Srebrerovic cleans oil lamps inside a tomb believed to the burial site of Jesus Christ on March 2, 2018 play

Croatian friar Sinisa Srebrerovic cleans oil lamps inside a tomb believed to the burial site of Jesus Christ on March 2, 2018

(AFP)

Pilgrims know them primarily as the Guardians of the Holy Sepulchre, protecting the site where Jesus is believed to have been crucified and buried.

Each year, hundreds of thousands of people visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, considered by many to be Christianity's holiest site.

But the Franciscans, who are also responsible for the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem where Jesus is traditionally considered to have been born, are not limited to only symbolic roles.

A Palestinian Christian tailor measures a Franciscan friar for a new penitent robe at a sewing workshop inside the Saint Saviour Convent, the Franciscan headquarters in the Old City of Jerusalem, on February 2, 2018 play

A Palestinian Christian tailor measures a Franciscan friar for a new penitent robe at a sewing workshop inside the Saint Saviour Convent, the Franciscan headquarters in the Old City of Jerusalem, on February 2, 2018

(AFP)

Based in the monastery of Saint Saviour in Jerusalem's Old City, the order also runs schools for 10,000 students, half of whom are Muslim.

Brother Paulo, a young Brazilian seminarian, teaches and coaches basketball to Palestinian students at the Terra Santa school, which is supported by the monastery.

The friars also manage hundreds of apartments in the old city, hostels for pilgrims, and a series of charities for Jerusalem's shrinking Christian community.

A Franciscan friar plays basketball with Palestinian children from the Terra Sancta school during a sport session in the Old City of Jerusalem, on March 1, 2018 play

A Franciscan friar plays basketball with Palestinian children from the Terra Sancta school during a sport session in the Old City of Jerusalem, on March 1, 2018

(AFP)

Of the Old City's 40,000 residents, 6,000 are Christian, with 3,000 of those Catholics, a number three times lower than it was 70 years ago.

As the friars grow old or are weakened by illness, the monastery provides care for them in an infirmary on its roof.

Aged 94, Brother Mario Tangorra cannot imagine ending his life elsewhere.

"When anxiety gets the best of me, it's enough for me to contemplate the Holy Sepulchre's bell tower to find peace," he says.

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