• They're often cast as
  • From talking to 104 teenagers nationwide, Business Insider discovered what makes today's teens stressed out, happy, curious, and connected.

Generation Z is the most ethnically-diverse and largest generation in American history.

And they're the youngest — Pew Research Center defined them recently as everyone born after 1997.

We usually view teens and the younger generations with a tinge of derision. And Gen Zs, with their obsession over Instagram and rejection of hourly work, are primed for the utmost scorn by their elders.

But we're more likely to understand what Generation Z is all about by talking to them.

Who did we talk to?

Business Insider surveyed 104 teens aged 13 to 19. They came from all over the US, including North Carolina, New York, and Michigan.

Many survey respondents came from WeAreGenZ, a consultancy and think tank powered by Gen Zs nationwide.

The average teen got their first smart phone just before their 12th birthday.

Nearly 80% of teens got their first smartphone between the ages of 11 and 13.

Almost 3% of teens got their first smartphone at age 8, and 6% at 15 or older.

  • We are the first generation to have had access to smartphones our whole lives. We communicate through social media and texts, which changes the dynamic of communication." — 19-year-old
  • "Everything in our generation is immediate. Since we have been raised in an age where texts and messages can be sent in the blink of an eye, we are less patient than other generations because we are used to having instant gratification. But our generation is also very determined to show that we are capable of real thoughts and using the technology and communication methods we have been given for making change, despite what older generations expect from us." — 15-year-old

Most teens had an iPhone.

Among survey respondents, 94% had an Apple phone.

That's higher than what other surveys have shown, but not shockingly so. Investment bank and asset management firm Piper Jaffray found that,

Gen Z spends a lot of time on their phones.

Teens told Business Insider about their phone use:

  • "Teenagers today are completely different because of social media. Now, we have access to this world-wide platform where we can insult or make someone look like a massive fool to millions while spreading that shame anonymously, and many parents these days don't know how to help their teenagers with that, especially when it comes to depression, anxiety, etc. — 15-year-old
  • "We are all connected and grow up quicker, so we had less of a traditional childhood." — 18-year-old
  • "I believe that teenagers today are fundamentally the same as in the past, but we obviously are able to gather information from a wider variety of sources and express ourselves through different means than before." — 17-year-old

That should take up a lot of time, but many teens don’t admit that phone or internet use takes up the majority of their days.

Teens spend as much time on their phones as adults do watching television.

A 2016 study

Only a quarter of teens say they watch four or greater hours of television per day.

A third of teens watch an hour or less of television everyday. According to AwesomenessTV, Gen Zs said cable television is best for watching TV with family (43%) or falling asleep (33%).

Only 14% of teens watch television news, compared to nearly 40% of Americans.

In 2017, 37% of Americans got their news from local TV. That number shot up to 57% among those aged 65 or older.

Gen Zs aren't so fond of television news, Business Insider found. Just 14% said it's their main news source.

Six out of 10 said they prefer social media platforms to get the news — and 10% said they don't keep up with the news at all.

Only 2% of teens said they watch traditional cable television. But 62% enjoy Netflix and other streaming services and 31% prefer watching YouTube.

Only 5% of those aged 65 and up watch television through a streaming service, according to Pew Research.

The majority of teens prefer to stream television from services like Hulu and Netflix.

  • "It's lot easier to find something you like and watch it that second! Netflix especially has a lot of great original movies/shows." — 15-year-old
  • "You can choose what you want to watch when you want to." — 14-year-old

YouTube won nearly a third of teens.

  • "The content on YouTube is so much more diverse and funny and relatable. The stuff on TV is so outdated. I would watch Netflix, but I don’t have the money to sign up." — 16-year-old
  • "YouTube is full of content that people create to keep their fans entertained with gameplay and animation about their lives, which is something that real TV doesn't really have."
  • "People upload videos from anywhere and they're entertaining."

The hottest slang words of the moment are lit, bet, shook, yeet, key, and slay.

Teens told Business Insider that these are their most-used slang words.

Here's what they mean.

Lit: When something is very exciting or energetic — like a "lit" party.

Bet: "Bet" is usually a one-word agreement — sort of like "I bet you do." You can replace "Ok" with "bet."

Shook: Shocked or surprised. Can't believe what you're seeing.

Yeet: Yeet was a dance that went viral on Vine in 2014. Now it can be used as an expression of excitement or a verb to describe someone throwing something over a long distance.

Key: The more succinct sibling of "major key," key indicates something important or vital to one's success.

Slay: Succeeded in something amazing.

We asked teens what their most-used apps were, and three stole the show: Snapchat, Instagram, and YouTube.

Three-quarters of respondents picked Snapchat, Instagram, and YouTube as their most-used. "You get to see what everyone is up to," a 19-year-old told Business Insider.

Snapchat and Instagram are used for communication.

it's easier to be themselves online than it is in the real world. Teens told Business Insider:

  • "
  • I like Instagram the most because I think pictures tell more than just words." — 17-year-old
  • "Snapchat is just one of the most common social media for me and my friends." — 17-year-old

And they’re also just used to relieve boredom.

  • "I can
  • "They are entertaining and I can always find things when I'm bored." — 16-year-old

Twitter came in fourth place.

  • "

Only 10% of teens counted Facebook among their most-used apps.

  • "Facebook is outdated and filled with old people." — 18-year-old
  • "

Teens mostly use iMessage or SMS to communicate with friends — but Snapchat text is also popular.

While Snapchat is still the second-most beloved social networks for Gen Z, nearly a fifth of them said they’re using it less.

Lots of teens said they were addicted to keeping up Snapchat streaks, which are consecutive days of exchanging Snaps with another person. Some said they would accrue hundreds of days of consecutive Snapchats, which is signified by a flame emoji next to the contact's name and the number of days where a streak was maintained.

One 15-year-old said she had friends who kept streaks of hundreds of days with 20 or more people.

But now some told Business Insider that the consuming social media has become too much energy:

  • "Snapchat is draining to keep up streaks. Even though people still do, lots of people say they hate it." — 16-year-old

Teens prefer to listen to music with Spotify and Apple Music.

More than a third of Gen Zs say technology is the biggest hurdle they’ll deal with in their lifetimes.

  • "I think the biggest hurdle my generation will have is removing themselves from their electronics. Teens are very addicted to electronics." — 15-year-old
  • "We aren't personable in real life because we put too much energy in our phones and social media." — 19-year-old
  • "The biggest hurdle will most likely be our soft skills, our ability to hold a conversation in person effectively." — 18-year-old
  • "T
  • eens now are too obsessed with their image on social media and what's going on with celebrities than with the real world." — 17-year-old

Some researchers say that technology has driven Gen Z to have record low pregnancy rates and drug use.

"This digital generation satisfies so much of their novelty-seeking impulses through their phones, they hardly have the time or interest to pursue these old vices altogether," wrote the researchers at AwesomenessTV in a recent report.

Teens are less likely to have sex, try drugs, drink, and other classic adolescent risk-taking behavior — and some say that's because they're so taken by technology.

Teen birth rates are now a third of what they were in 1990. Drug use and drinking rates are also markedly lower from previous decades.

Politics were the second-biggest concern among teens.

  • "The biggest hurdle for my generation will be the environment and the polarization of political parties currently. By environment, I mean my generation will be confronted with figuring out how to do their part to make positive changes in protecting the environment and science in general. In terms of polarized political parties, my generation will have to navigate a world that is trying to be black and white, but really has so much gray area." — 19-year-old
  • There is entrenched unrest around the globe without obvious solutions, and our planet is slowly dying." — 18-year-old

We think of Gen Zs as being social-justice warriors — but they’re just as focused on economics.

  • "Honestly, social injustices are going to be a really big thing throughout my lifetime. Many things are being brought to light and I don't see them going away any time soon." — 17-year-old
  • "
  • Ending police brutality towards black people." — 16-year-old

Mental health was another top concern among teens.

And not unlike every other group of teens before them, some said their biggest long-term worries were adulthood and dealing with the biases of older generations.

  • "Our biggest hurdle will probably be learning how to function on your own." — 14-year-old
  • "

Although teens have a lot of opinions about technology, the thing they’re most concerned with at this moment is school.

Arts, engineering, and medicine are the most popular major choices.

Though teens say technology cause them a lot of problems, they’re also positive that their unprecedented access to information makes them more unique — and even better — than the generations who came before them.

  • "
  • Today, teenagers are infinitely more well-informed. We're able to form our own opinions on issues, as we're able to immediately access both sides of an argument online." — 15-year-old
  • "Geographic location is not a problem and does not define who we are. Though the US is a mostly a Christian nation, atheism is increasing and Asian cultures, like anime and K-pop, are becoming more and more popular among Gen Z and even millennials." — 18-year-old
  • "The availability of information allows modern teens to be more informed and causes them to be more disillusioned than those of past generations." — 18-year-old

And they say they’re more accepting and open-minded than any generation before them.

  • "We've broken a lot of stereotypes in our generation." — 17-year-old
  • "Teens now are more motivated to be the change the really want to see in the world. This generation is more determined to actually make a difference in their lifetime and see the fruit of their labor." — 19-year-old