The salsa-dancing nurse, who had to settle for the silver medal in London three years ago, led from the second round and her fifth-round effort of 14.90 metres secured the gold medal in Beijing.
Salsa-dancing Ibarguen waltzes to triple jump gold
Colombia's Caterine Ibarguen, unbeaten since the 2012 Olympic Games, retained her world championship triple jump title on Monday.
Silver was won by Hanna Knyazyeva-Minenko who set an Israeli record with an effort of 14.78.
Olga Rypakova, the Olympic champion from Kazakhstan, snatched bronze in the last round as she stretched out to claim a season's best 14.77.
Ibarguen enchanted the packed crowd at the Bird's Nest Stadium, engaging the fans after she outjumped Knyazyeva-Minenko's best effort with a leap of 14.80 in the second round.
The fast track caused the men's long jumpers problems in measuring their run-ups in the morning session and, while there were no such concerns for the women's triple jumpers, some struggled to control their approach speed.
Try as they might, Ibarguen's rivals could not eclipse the 31-year-old Colombian.
Ekaterina Koneva, the Russian considered the champion's biggest threat, was disappointing as she finished seventh with a best of 14.37.
Bulgaria's Gabriela Petrova recorded a personal best 14.66 in the fifth round before being cruelly denied the bronze by Rypakova's final effort.
Knyazyeva-Minenko's silver is only the third medal to be won at the world championships by Israel since 1983.
The 25-year-old previously competed for Ukraine and finished fourth in the 2012 Olympic final.