The German top-flight announced its full schedule for the 2016-17 campaign on Wednesday, with Bayern hosting Bremen to kick off the campaign in a Friday fixture on August 26.
Ancelotti has replaced Pep Guardiola following the former head coach's move to Manchester City and takes over a team who won the league by 10 points last season.
Last season's runners-up Borussia Dortmund are at home to Mainz, while the pick of the opening fixtures sees Borussia Monchengladbach host Bayer Leverkusen as the teams who finished fourth and third respectively last season go head-to-head.
Promoted club Freiburg start at Hertha Berlin, while RB Leipzig's first Bundesliga match having risen through the leagues will see them travel to Hoffenheim.
Bayern's first match against rivals Dortmund will take place at Signal Iduna Park on matchday 11 between November 18 and 20.
The return match will take place on matchday 28 at the Allianz Arena between April 7 and 9, with the late-season clash potentially a crucial one in the title race.
Bayern have won 26 league titles – a record – with last season's success making them the first team to win four in a row.
Bundesliga 2016-17 opening day fixtures:
Bayern Munich v Werder Bremen Borussia Dortmund v Mainz Borussia Monchengladbach v Bayer Leverkusen Hertha Berlin v Freiburg Cologne v Darmstadt Hamburg v Ingolstadt Augsburg v Wolfsburg Hoffenheim v RB Leipzig Eintracht Frankfurt v Schalke