Police are investigating whether the "scaly anteater" was indeed consumed at a banquet in the southern province of Guangxi.
The animal's brown scales are made of nothing more than keratin -- the same substance as fingernails -- but are highly prized in Vietnam and China where they are misleadingly touted as having medicinal properties.
Police are investigating whether the "scaly anteater" was indeed consumed at a banquet in the southern province of Guangxi, the Xinhua state news agency reported late Tuesday.
A post from 2015, which recently resurfaced on the Chinese social media site Weibo, claimed that Guangxi officials invited investors to eat the animal, which is listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Several photos showed an abundant feast, along with the user's observation: "It was my first time eating [pangolin]...I've already fallen deeply for the wild taste!"
In China, the pangolin is under state protection. Eating it is punishable by up to 10 years in prison.
A World Wildlife Fund survey published in September found a reduced market for pangolin meat in the country. But the scales continue to be illegally sold.
"These days the quality that stands out most in our officials is wickedness," one Weibo user said about the banquet incident.
"This is how they will become extinct," another said. "Shame!"
The Guangxi Investment Promotion Agency was initially suspected of hosting the banquet, but a regional disciplinary commission cleared the organisation of any wrongdoing.
The commission told Xinhua that only one official attended the private event.
The pangolin is the most hunted animal in the world and an estimated one million have been plucked from Asian and African forests over the past decade.
Steve Blake, the acting chief China representative for the nonprofit WildAid, said he is encouraged by the progress the country has made on curbing pangolin trade.
"This isn't the first time there has been a surge in interest about the pangolins on Chinese social media," Blake told AFP, adding that the "impressive" public outcry would be good for building awareness of the issue.