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Lassa Fever Prevention Key ways to avoid the 'Rat’ virus

Pulse.ng lists Lassa fever prevention tips for homes, public places and health workers.

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Lassa Fever play

A rat is being used for test on the Lassa Fever virus.


One way or the other we all have heard of Lassa fever, usually called the (Rat fever) and have thought of ways to prevent it. Pulse.ng lists Lassa fever prevention tips for homes, public places and health workers.

What is Lassa fever?

Lassa Fever is a fever caused by the Lassa virus, a member of the arenavirus family of viruses which is predominantly found in west Africa.

Rodents (Rats) are the known vectors of the Lassa virus.

Read: 110 suspected Lassa fever patients isolated in Ogun state

The Lassa virus is transmitted to humans via contact with food or household items contaminated with rodent urine or faeces.

It is also transmitted through contact of bodily fluids (including urine and sweat), faeces or blood with an infected person.

So far, Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and the Central African Republic are the countries with known cases of Lassa fever.

Read: 10 states where cases of Lassa fever have been recorded

To prevent Lassa fever, avoid rats in your homes. play Lassa fever prevention (Naij)

Prevention of Lassa fever

At home

  1. Keep rats out of the house and food supplies.

  2. Ensure all foods are well cooked before eating.

  3. Keep your home clean and maintain personal hygiene.

  4. Dispose all refuse far away from your home.

  5. Avoid bodily fluid and blood contact while caring for a sick person.

  6. Ensure all foodstuffs are put in rodent-proof containers.

Read: WHO calls for intensive awareness campaign of Lassa fever prevention in rural areas

No one knows why Lassa Fever is on the rise in Nigeria play Lassa fever prevention (insuranceadvicenigeria)

Health workers

  1. Health workers should always apply standard infection prevention and control precautions when caring for patients.

  2. Use protective gears like gloves, nose masks, laboratory coats, and goggles when attending to patients.

  3. Ensure safe burial practises.

  4. Only trained staffs should handle blood samples taken from humans or animals for Lassa fever investigations.

  5. Educate the public on Lassa fever prevention.

  6. Keep infected patients isolated.

Read: 10 things you should know about Lassa fever

In public areas

Public places are almost unavoidable, from entering public buses to churches, schools etc. Because you cannot tell who is virus free and who is not, it is necessary you to take safety measures.

  1. Avoid body contacts with sweaty people.

  2. Avoid roadside foods, unless you are sure the food was properly cooked.

  3. Wash and sanitize your hands always.

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