The African Organisation For Research and Training in

Obiageli Nnodu, Associate Prof of Haematology and Oncology at the University of Abuja and the local chair person AORTIC, said this at a Workshop organised by AORTIC on Wednesday.

Nnodu said the aim was to raise people with wide knowledge of cancer across Africa to become advocate of early detection, prevention, treatment, diagnosis and all the way to palliative care.

She said that, ”if we are able to train people to recognise the early signs of cancer, they will come early and they will be cured”.

”We want to train front liners like community health workers, researchers, media etc, on cancer so they can have enough information to give accurate knowledge to everyone.

”We want to train them so that they can teach others how to prevent cancer, detect it early and where to go, and even when it is detected late they will be able to do end of life palliation.

”Our goal is to effectively address cancer in Africa, we are focused on preventing, controlling, training and research in cancer,” she said.

Dr Gabriel Ogun, Senior lecturer, Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, said that adequate immunisation and vaccination could help prevent a large number of cancer cases in the country

Ogun said that if the country take up immunisation and vaccination seriously, a large number of cancer burden in men and women could be reduced to less than 5 per cent of what the country had now.

He said that the most common cancers in women was breast cancer while prostate was common in men and that the method for prevention used in the western world could not be used locally.

He said for instance in the western world women develop post menopausal breast cancer while in Africa women develop pre-menopausal breast cancer.

”So if you use the method used in the western world and deploy it here it wouldn’t work and if you deploy memography in Nigeria it will not be able to pick anything.

The expert said that there were lots of preventable cancers like liver cancer which was caused by hypertitis B virus and could be prevented through immunisation which was available in the country

He also said that cervical cancer was 100 per cent preventable in women by getting the vaccination for human papiloma virus which was also available in the country.

He said that early detection and regular screening was key to saving cancer patients and some of the ways to prevent cancer was doing the following

”To quit smoking, drink alcohol in moderation, eat less, do not engage in risky sexual behaviour, do not share niddles and do not take unscreened blood and make sure your children are immunised,” he added.

Edem Nehemiah, Chief Consultant Anaesthesiologist, Pain and Palliative Care Physician, said that there were modalities for treating cancer pain which were the drugs and non drugs methods.

He said that anaegestics were the best for treating cancer pain with drug while non drug method include physical therapy, pastoral care and other ways.

He explained pain as an unpleasant sensual emotional experience that a patient undergoes