Buhari had returned the unsigned budget details to the National Assembly having identified some discrepancies in the document.
Dogara was however present at the meeting which held behind closed doors at the Presidential Villa in Abuja, and bordered on the issues affecting the 2016 budget.
Buhari had returned the unsigned budget details to the National Assembly having identified some "grey areas" in the document.
Also present at the meeting were the Chief of Staff to the President, Abba Kyari; and the Senior Special Assistant to the President on National Assembly Matters (Senate), Ita Enag.
It was not immediately ascertained why Saraki was absent.
According to Vanguard, Dogara dodged reporters after the meeting because he could not comment on the outcome of the meeting alone.
Kyari who spoke to newsmen said that the Speaker could not have spoken as it was only him that attended the meeting.
He said that Saraki and Dogara, being the Heads of the two chambers of the National Assembly, were supposed to be at the meeting.