Pulse.ng logo

Fish Farming Ever thought of starting this business? Here's how

As lucrative as fish farming can be, a lack of proper information concerning the business can lead to a loss.

  • Published:
How to start fish farming business play

How to start fish farming business

(Prompt news)

Fish farming is gradually becoming one of the most lucrative businesses in Nigeria.

And as a result, a good number of people are venturing into the business like never before. But as lucrative as fish farming can be, a lack of proper information concerning the business can lead to a loss.

So, what is fish farming in the first place?

According to aquaculture experts, fish farming is an act of rearing fish for commercial purpose. And this involves building the earthen, tarpaulin or concrete pond, fertilizing the pond, stocking the fingerlings in good water and feeding them till they are mature enough for marketing.

However, it is important to note that of the countless number of fish species around the world, only a selected few are feasible for fish farming.

And they include tilapia and catfish.

What are the types of fish ponds?

As a starter, it is best for you to consult an expert in other to know the pond type that is best for you, source of water, vitamins and general maintenance of the pond, based on where you intend to carry out the activities of the farm.

However, there are three types of ponds; and they are, earthen pond, concrete pond, and plastic tank pond.

How to start fish farming business play

Concrete pond

(The Guardian)


What you should know before starting a fish farming business

  1. Buy healthy fingerlings and juveniles from farms that produce them

  2. Feed them two times in a day

  3. Do not change water instantly after feeding so that they do not vomit the food

  4. Replace water after two or three days with fresh water (concrete and plastic pond)

  5. It is advisable to give fish vitamin supplements to keep them diseases free and healthy

  6. Buy the popular brand feed on sales such as Raanan, Livestovit, and Aquafeed

  7. Local feed costs less per kilogram

  8. The feed could also be either flour meal or small pellets size

  9. Sort (separate) fishes by sizes as they grow to avoid bigger fishes eating smaller ones

  10. Buy your own Pelletizer to make your own feed as this will help to reduce cost.

  11. Store your feeds in a cool dry place to keep them from rodents and pests

  12. It is advisable to attend seminars to gain knowledge from aquaculture experts

How to start fish farming business play

How to start fish farming business

(Prompt news)

What you need to start a fish farm

1. Secure a Land

Unlike most businesses, any location is good for fish farming because fish doesn’t cause any environmental disturbance.

You can either hire or buy, depending on how you intend to run it. However, if you have leftover space in your compound that can accommodate two or three ponds, you may use it.

2. Construct ponds

Here, you will need the service of an expert pond construction engineer. Do not overlook this as there are things that must be done properly to ensure that everything works fine.

For example, the plumbing work must be properly done to ensure proper drainage.

3. Borehole

It is important to emphasize here that when it comes to fish farming, adequate water supply is more like the lifeblood.

Therefore, lack of adequate water may result in disaster because water needs to be changed as often as possible.

However, it is advisable not to make use of chemically treated water or even rainwater. Borehole and river water are the preferred options when it comes to fish farming.

4. Overhead tank

This is the water reservoir from which water is supplied to your ponds. This tank has to be connected to your ponds through plumbing system to make it convenient for water to flow into your ponds when needed.

How to start fish farming business play

How to start fish farming business

(Daily post)

5. Juvenile fish

Where you get your juvenile is very important because if they are not healthy enough then you’re in for a loss already.

Thus, it is advisable for you to get your juvenile from farms that specialize in supplying it. And when you do, ensure you go for the high yield species from a healthy farm.

6. Get trained

Training here, doesn't mean the kind of training you get from one-day seminars. In other to run the farm effectively, you need to get attached to a fish farm for proper apprenticeship.

ALSO READ: How to start a wine store business



Do you ever witness news or have a story that should be featured on Pulse Nigeria?
Submit your stories, pictures and videos to us now via WhatsApp: +2349055172167, Social Media @pulsenigeria247: #PulseEyewitness & DM or Email: eyewitness@pulse.ng. More information here.