'Tram 83' by Fiston Mwanza Mujila, who hails from Democratic Republic of Congo, and 'A General Theory of Oblivion' by Angolan author José Eduardo Agualusa were nominated for the prestigious prize.
Other authors nominated include anonymous Italian author Elena Ferrante, Nobel prize-winner Orhan Pamuk and a political novel banned in mainland China have all been longlisted for the 2016 Man Booker International prize, celebrating the finest in global fiction translated to English.
Asian writers on the longlist include South Korean writer Han Kang, for her novel The Vegetarian; Kenzaburō Ōe for Death by Water, his 16th book translated to English; Indonesian author Eka Kurniawan for his novel Man Tiger; and Chinese author Yan Lianke for The Four Books, a title that took him 20 years to plan, two to write and which was rejected by 20 publishers for its political content before being banned in mainland China.
Boyd Tonkin, who chairs the judging panel, said: "Our selection highlights the sheer diversity of great fiction today."
Tahmima Anam told Guardian UK she was “absolutely thrilled with this longlist, because it reflects the truly global spirit of the Man Booker International. It is diverse – not just in the number of countries and languages that are represented but also in the ways the authors use, stretch and challenge the novel form.”
This year's longlist consists of 13 books from 12 countries, written in nine different languages.
The shortlist of six books will be announced on 14 April, with each author and translator receiving £1,000 (4 million Naira). The winner will be announced on 16 May, with the £50,000 (20 million Naira) prize being divided equally between the author and the translator.
The Man Booker International Prize is an international literary award hosted in Britain.
Nigerian author Chinua Achebe was awarded the International Prize for his literary career in 2007 and László Krasznahorkai became the first author from Hungary to receive the Man Booker award in 2015.
The full longlist:
José Eduardo Agualusa: (Angola) A General Theory of Oblivion
Elena Ferrante: (Italy) The Story of the Lost Child
Han Kang: (South Korea) The Vegetarian
Maylis de Kerangal: (France) Mend the Living
Eka Kurniawan: (Indonesia) Man Tiger
Yan Lianke: (China) The Four Books
Fiston Mwanza Mujila: (Democratic Republic of Congo/Austria) Tram 83
Raduan Nassar: (Brazil) A Cup of Rage
Marie NDiaye: (France) Ladivine
Kenzaburō Ōe: (Japan) Death by Water
Aki Ollikainen: (Finland) White Hunger
Orhan Pamuk: (Turkey) A Strangeness in My Mind
Robert Seethaler: (Austria) A Whole Life