The reason for the rising number of Nigerians migrating to Ghana in their search for higher education is simply the shortage of universities in Nigeria and the incessant strikes in the educational sector.
EDUCATION: Inadequate Universities, Incessant Strikes... Nigeria Is Behind Ghana
The fact that Nigeria only has only 1 university per 1 million citizens and the incessant disruption of academic calendars by strike actions have put Nigeria behind Ghana....
The President of Accra Institute of Technology (AIT), Professor Clement Dzidonu, while speaking with Ajayi Oluapelumi of Tribune, said the number of universities in Nigeria is insufficient.
"In Nigeria, the number of universities per a million population is 1.08. That means one university per one million people.
"With the population of Nigeria, one would have expected that the number of private universities will be in the range of 100 or more," he said.
Dzidonu noted that this is one of the reasons why Nigerians are migrating to Ghana and not the other way round as used to be the case.
"...where do you want your children to go when you don’t set up more universities?
Nigeria must therefore address the deficit to be relevant again, he said.
"If Nigeria has more universities and less strike actions, I am sure Ghanaians will move to Nigeria. Ghana and Nigeria are like brothers," he said.
Ghana does it better
Dzidonu also made a comparison with the Ghanaian system to buttress Nigeria's deficency.
"It will amaze you to know that there are more private universities in Ghana than Nigeria. Currently in Ghana, there are 15 public universities, 43 private universities and 10 polytechnics, giving us a total of 68 universities, with a population of 25 million. And the number of universities per capita is 2.72. "In Nigeria’s case, Nigeria has 40 federal universities, 38 state universities, 51 private universities and 45 polytechnics.
"When you look at Nigeria’s population, having 51 private universities and Ghana with 43, you will realise that Ghana has more private universities that meets its growing population than Nigeria.
"If we are to position the issue within the context of the data, our conclusion would be that we already have a problem of insufficient tertiary institutions.
Meeting A Growing Population
Dzidonu also noted that though private university education in Ghana is only 15 years old, Ghanaian public college universities can compare favorably with those in Nigeria.
The academician however noted that both countries need to provide more institutions because the 'population growth is not going to pause or stop' and more people are seeking higher education.
"It is not a question of Ghanaian versus Nigerian tertiary institutions.
"The fact is, Ghana doesn’t have enough, Nigeria doesn’t have enough, but Ghana is still in a better position than Nigeria."
Student Pulse recently reported that about 75,000 Nigerians studying In Ghana spend more than N160bn every year.
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