Genital warts are caused by a virus called the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The virus gets attached to the human body once it infects the person affected.
Warts can still come back even after the initial treatment. At times, the new ones that develop do so in the same spot as the old ones. They can also come up with a different part of the body entirely. How do these growths spread from one part of the human body to another? Is it possible for warts growing on the face to spread to the hands? Continue reading to find answers to these questions.
You need first to know what is responsible for genital warts before bothering about how they spread. Many theories have been developed about the causes of warts. According to Natures Gist, genital warts can come up fast and also disappear fast. They can also stay on your skin for a very long time before they disappear.
Genital warts have their own schedules unknown to many humans. This has led to the development of various hypothesis in an attempt to try to understand how they fair. The forces responsible for warts are, however, beyond human control. Some people were of the opinion that anyone that develops warts must be a liar. Some were also of the opinion that developing warts occurs when the individual handled toads.
From the perspective of science, genital warts are caused by a virus called the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The virus gets attached to the human body once it infects the person affected. The virus then causes an infection that leads to swelling of the affected tissue, leading to the growth of warts on the skin.
The very first piece of information you need to know about warts is that it is caused by a virus called HPV. One of the highly unique things about this virus is that it has up to 130 different strains or verities. These strains are identified by numbering. Be that as it may, only very few of these variants or strains of HPV can lead to warts.
As a result, it is easier to treat warts. Each of the types that lead to warts does affect particular parts of the human body. Warts that occur on the human feet are called plantar warts, and they are caused by the Type 1 to 4 of HPV. The wart occurring on the face is caused by the Flat Warts, and the strains or varieties of HPV responsible for this are the Type 3 and ten strains of HPV.
HPV is a parasite. It can only grow inside the human body. Aside from the human body, the virus can also grow in various organisms, like:
The existence of virus was not identified until towards the latter part of the 1800s. They are very small organisms. Their existence was however confirmed in the 1930s. In the 1990s, larger viruses were discovered. Various research continued afterward, leading to the discovery of more viruses and the how the viruses function.
HPV inhabits the skin surface of the affected individuals. It is also transmitted from the skin of one person to that of another person. The virus can grow on different types of objects. Some of the commonest ways to get infected by HPV are highlighted below:
From the above, you would have learned that warts can be transmitted from one person to another via contact. The virus infects humans by introducing its genetic material, DNA, into the cells of the infected person. You can transfer cells already infected by the HPV to another person if that person scratches or touches your warts. This process is referred to as autoinoculation.
It is not safe to shave off warts. This will lead to spreading of warts, and you will end up with clusters of warts growing on your skin.
Warts are caused by HPV. However, it follows a process of accessing the human skin cells. After it has landed on your skin via touch, the virus looks for a crack in your skin and enters the skin via this crack. Once the virus enters the crack, it starts to replicate. The most common type of warts is the one that grows on the fingers and hands.
You can use the hand to touch other parts of your body, which can lead to the spread of the growth to these other parts of the body. Once you begin to see warts on your hands or fingers, you should never hesitate to remove it before it spreads to other parts of your body.
The HPV comes in contact with the skin and then invade the human body via cracks as hinted above. They come in contact with the hands, and you can use the infected hand to touch other parts of the body, leading to a spread of HPV. Once the hand is infected, it is rarely impossible to keep the infection from other parts of the body; this occurs via a process called autoinoculation.
Keep in mind, however, that not all types of growths can be called warts.
Many call genital warts HPV warts. They grow on genitals, hence their name.
Some of the things that can put you at risk of developing genital warts are:
One of the factors that make it easy for the HPV to enter into human skin is the friction involved between the penis and the vagina. The friction injures the skin and gets it exposed, giving an opening to the virus. The virus is responsible for causing genital warts and also leads to warts on other parts of the body. The virus, aside from occurring on the skin, can also invade the interior of the genitals.
How will you know if the virus has invaded your genitals? You will get the following signs:
All these symptoms may occur together in particular individual, or they may occur singly. When you start seeing any growth on your skin, never hesitate to consult medical professionals to help examine the growths.
It is true that warts can spread through the human body fast, but it is also true that you can curtail this spread by implementing simple steps. The steps are highlighted below:
The wart can also be removed surgically. Here are some home remedies you can also apply to get rid of warts. You can buy certain helpful products over the counter also. Also, you can link up with health care professionals for help. Keep in mind that removal of the wart does not remove the virus. As a result, warts can grow again later after removal.
Not everyone in the world has warts. Some people may be exposed to HPV without developing warts. The virus cannot be cured, but you can keep them from replicating if you have a good immune system. Your immune system can suppress the virus. As a result, it is possible for warts to go away even if you do not apply any treatment.
You can boost your immune system by doing the following:
Smoking can damage the immune system, making you less fortified against infections. Also, smoking can reduce your response to treatment.
You can avoid the infection by going for vaccination. One of the main vaccines for HPV is Gardasil. It must, however, be given to younger ones long before they are active sexually. This vaccine only works against genital warts. Work towards boosting your immune system to improve your resistance to HPV infection.
Written by Dr Chiazor Ezugwu.
Sources and references:
Drew, W. L. (2004). Herpesviruses. In K. J. Ryan, & C. G. Ray (Eds.), Sherris medical microbiology: An introduction to infectious diseases (4th ed., pp. 555-576). USA: McGraw Hill.