American malls are dying out.

Retail complexes all over the US are being clobbered by store closures sweeping the country.

Retailers have announced more than 8,600 closings so far in 2019 and according to a report done by Credit Suisse in 2017, between 20% to 25% of malls will close by 2022.

A national retail apocalypse has crippled US malls as anchor stores such as Macy's and Sears, which take up large retail spaces and drive foot traffic, have shuttered stores and left malls with enormous gaps to fill.

For many malls, this is an impossibletask.

Take a look at some of these haunting photos below that show how badly America's malls have been hit:

This article was first published in January 2018.

This is the Carousel Mall in San Bernardino, California, which closed in 2017. The mall had been hanging by a thread after it lost its two main anchors, Montgomery Ward and JC Penney, several years before.

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Lucy Nicholson/Reuters

Source: Business Insider

Euclid Square Mall in Ohio had a similar fate and shuttered in 2016.

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Flickr/Mike Kalasnik

It was temporarily used by religious congregations who held services in old stores. In September 2017, Amazon announced plans to build a 1.7-million-square-foot fulfillment center in its place. That fulfillment center has since opened.

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Flickr/Mike Kalasnik

Source: Crain's and Scene

White Flint Mall in Bethesda, Maryland, was once home to a Bloomingdale's department store.

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AP

Elizabeth Taylor reportedly shopped here.

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AP

Source: The Washington Post

But this wasn't enough to keep it going it shuttered its doors in 2015.

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AP

Photographer Seph Lawless has become famous for his photos of abandoned malls. Here, he captures Chicago's Lincoln Mall, which closed in January 2015.

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Seph Lawless

Source: Seph Lawless

In its heyday, the 700,000-square-foot mall had the capacity to host four anchor stores and 100 smaller shops.

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Seph Lawless

Source: Business Insider

But in the months before it closed, it was home to just 40 businesses.

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Seph Lawless

Source: The Chicago Tribune

In 2013, the mall's owner told The Chicago Tribune that the mall was losing $2 million a year.

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Seph Lawless

The same year, a court-ordered receiver was appointed to force the location to pay taxes and fines, as well as make necessary repairs.

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Seph Lawless

The mall's tenants did not generate enough in rent to pay for the improvements or repairs, according to an attorney for the owner.

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Seph Lawless

Source: The Chicago Tribune

The mall reportedly failed to make these changes, which included creating new exits to comply with fire codes and replacing electrical and air conditioning systems.

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Seph Lawless

In November 2014, a Cook County judge ordered the closure of the mall following the holiday shopping season.

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Seph Lawless

Photographer Seph Lawless also captured the Metro North Shopping Center in Kansas City, Missouri.

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Seph Lawless

The mall opened in 1976 and covered over 1.2 million square feet, housing more than 150 retailers.

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Seph Lawless

Source: Kansas City Star

It was shut down in 2014.

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Seph Lawless

Already, the interior looks like it's been deserted for decades.

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Seph Lawless

It's completely run down and leaking.

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Seph Lawless

Lawless has said it was "by far the creepiest mall I've been in."

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Seph Lawless

Source: The Daily Mail

Developers had planned to renovate the mall, but the makeover was slated to cost $200 million. The plan was ditched in 2015.

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Seph Lawless

Source: Kansas City Star

The mall is now being demolished to make way for a new part-commercial, part-residential development.

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Seph Lawless

Source: Kansas City Star and Biz Journals

The Randall Park Mall in Cleveland has been empty since 2009.

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Flickr/Mike Kalasnik

Source: Fox 8

The site was bought by Amazon to be converted into a 800,000-square-foot fulfillment center, which opened this fall.

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Wikicommons/Eddie~S

Source: Crain's and Cleveland.com

Rolling Acres Mall in Ohio was once packed with visitors.

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Flickr/Mike Kalasnik

In 2008 it faced a similar fate as other struggling malls and shuttered its doors.

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Flickr/Mike Kalasnik

JCPenney was once the anchor store of the mall. It even had its own auto center, which is pictured below.

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Flickr/Mike Kalasnik

After the mall closed, photographer Seph Lawless captured these photographs showing how the complex had been left to rot.

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Seph Lawless

Source: Seph Lawless

The inside of the mall was covered with snow ...

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Seph Lawless

... and had been left to crumble.

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Seph Lawless

In June 2016, the city deemed it unsafe for locals, issued warnings for people to stay away, and increased police presence.

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Seph Lawless

Source: Cleveland

After several rounds through the bankruptcy courts, it was acquired by the city of Akron.

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Seph Lawless

Source: Cleveland

Demolition began in May 2016.

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Seph Lawless

These photos were taken of Cloverleaf Mall in Chesterfield, Virginia, in 2011.

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Flickr/Will Fisher

This was the area's first large-scale, regional shopping center.

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Flickr/Will Fisher

Source: Chesterfield Observer

But it closed in 2008.

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Flickr/Will Fisher

Once a buzzing hub, the inside looked completely barren.

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Flickr/Will Fisher

In 2011 the building was demolished.

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Flickr/Will Fisher

In its place, a Kroger supermarket was built on the former 28-acre site.

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Flickr/Will Fisher

Source: KLTV

Hawthorne Plaza in California closed its doors in 1999.

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Chris Cognac

Since then it's made for an appropriately spooky spot for filming.

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Chris Cognac

"Gone Girl," "The Fast and The Furious: Tokyo Drift," and "Minority Report" were filmed there.

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Chris Cognac

Source: Business Insider

The mall was originally home to national department store chains such as JCPenney.

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Chris Cognac

In total, the space was 900,000 square feet with a five-acre parking lot.

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Chris Cognac

Today, it is just a shell that's covered in graffiti.

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Paul Szoldra/Tech Insider

In 2016, drone enthusiasts transformed the space into a drone racing track, where users could race their remote control drones around the building while it was lit up in fluorescent lights.

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Paul Szoldra/Tech Insider

Source: Business Insider

But these pop-ups were short-lived. Later that year, the city of Hawthorne agreed to demolish the building and replace it with a $500 million open-air development, but this still hasn't happened.

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Paul Szoldra/Tech Insider

Sources: Curbed

Maple Hill Mall in Kalamazoo, Michigan, was closed and demolished in 2004. It was rebuilt and transformed into the Maple Hill Pavilion, which is now home to Target and discount stores Marshalls and Dollar Tree.

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Flickr/Simon Thalmann

Source: Business Insider

Some of these mall closures are less recent. Dixie Square Mall in Chicago, which was once home to 60 different stores including JCPenney and Walgreens, was left vacant for 33 years before being demolished in 2012.

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Flickr/A Syn

Source: Chicago Tribune

See Also:

SEE ALSO: These department stores once thrived a decade ago but no longer exist