• Nearly 200 political scientists ranked the presidents by order of greatness in a survey, and President Donald Trump came in last.
  • President Abraham Lincoln was first.
  • Members of the American Political Science Associations Presidents & Executive Politics section completed the survey online between December 2017 and January 2018.

Presidential rankings tend to be subjective and divisive, but they also provide valuable insight into how historical views of presidents evolve over time.

In a recent survey , nearly 200 political science scholars ranked US presidents on a scale of 0-100, from failure (zero) to average (50) to great (100). The totals were then averaged for each president and ranked from highest to lowest.

A majority of the 170 respondents roughly 57% identified as Democrats. Just 13% were Republicans, while 27% said they were independents, and 3% selected other.

The skewed sampling plus the fact that President Donald Trump was just starting his second year in office make it difficult to accurately compare him to previous presidents.

But even among Republicans, Trump was ranked quite unfavorably. Respondents who identified as Republicans or conservatives ranked Trump 40th out of 44 presidents. Self-described Democrats and liberals both ranked him last.

Here are the greatest US presidents, ranked according to current and recent members of the American Political Science Association :

44: Donald Trump

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43: James Buchanan

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42: William Harrison

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41: Franklin Pierce

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40: Andrew Johnson

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39: Warren Harding

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38: Millard Fillmore

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37: John Tyler

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36: Herbert Hoover

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35: Zachary Taylor

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34: James Garfield

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33: Richard Nixon

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32: Benjamin Harrison

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31: Chester Arthur

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30: George W. Bush

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29: Rutherford B. Hayes

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28: Calvin Coolidge

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27: Martin Van Buren

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26: Jimmy Carter

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25: Gerald Ford

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24: Grover Cleveland

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23: John Quincy Adams

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22: William Howard Taft

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21: Ulysses S. Grant

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20: James Polk

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19: William McKinley

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18: James Monroe

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17: George H.W. Bush

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AP/Ron Edmonds

16: John F. Kennedy

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15: Andrew Jackson

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14: John Adams

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13: Bill Clinton

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12: James Madison

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11: Woodrow Wilson

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10: Lyndon B. Johnson

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9: Ronald Reagan

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8: Barack Obama

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7: Dwight Eisenhower

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6: Harry Truman

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5: Thomas Jefferson

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4: Teddy Roosevelt

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3: Franklin Delano Roosevelt

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2: George Washington

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1: Abraham Lincoln

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See Also:

SEE ALSO: The top 20 presidents in US history, according to historians

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