The images - issued by the Russian state news agency TASS, showed a grinning Trump shaking hands with the Russian ambassador in Washington.
The images -- issued by the Russian state news agency TASS, and subsequently published by much of the global media -- showed a grinning Trump shaking hands with Sergei Lavrov and the Russian ambassador in Washington, Sergei Kislyak, during an Oval Office meeting.
That Wednesday meeting was already being seen as a major diplomatic coup for the Kremlin, a red carpet welcome just months after being hit with US sanctions for meddling in the 2016 presidential election.
Veteran diplomats questioned why Trump agreed to host the diplomats -- a rare honor for non-heads of state, much less for those at the center of major US political scandal.
US administrations often treat Oval Office meetings as a type of currency, dangling the prospect of a high-profile sit-down to gain leverage or concessions in negotiations.
But the emergence of photos compounded the perception that Russia had won a diplomatic victory and that the Trump White House was outmaneuvered.
"Congrats Kollegi (colleagues) at getting these photos! Huge coup," said former US ambassador to Moscow Michael McFaul.
Publicly, the White House put on a brave face.
Trump "should be meeting with the foreign minister," said White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders, lambasting critics.
"For them to try to attack him for doing his job, maybe they should spend a little more time doing their jobs and we wouldn't have all the problems that we do."
Privately though White House officials seethed at what they described as a breach of trust.
Officials said that Vladimir Putin had requested the meeting, a quid-pro-quo for his recent face-to-face with Secretary of State Rex Tillerson in Moscow.
The White House was told an official Russian photographer would be present, implying the images would be for the historical record and not necessarily made public.
"Our official photographer and their official photographer were present, that's it," said one aide shortly after the meeting.
But when the images were published across the world via state media, the White House raged that Moscow had misled them.
Two officials admitted they were not told that the images would be made public.
The director of the National Security Agency, Admiral Mike Rogers, was grilled by the Senate Intelligence Committee Thursday about the potential risks of cyber-penetration linked to allowing a Russian camera crew into the Oval Office.
Rogers told the hearing he had not been consulted beforehand.
The Oval Office pictures could hardly have come at a worse time for Trump, deepening suspicions that he is too cozy with Putin's government.
His campaign faces a slew of investigations about whether it colluded with the Kremlin to derail Hillary Clinton's presidential bid.
The Lavrov meeting came just hours after Trump fired his FBI director James Comey, the man responsible for investigating the allegations of collusion between his team and Russia.
The embarrassment was compounded by Ambassador Kislyak's presence. He is at the center of a series of questions about contacts between his inner circle and the Russian government.
Michael Flynn's failure to disclose meetings with Kislyak eventually led to his departure as national security advisor and made the Russian diplomat a virtual household name.
"I could have done without the attention" Kislyak told AFP recently.