The 55-year-old leaves behind six children and 10 grandchildren.
The disclosure of her death was made in a statement signed by the lawmaker's son, Ahmed Mohammed Goje, on Monday, October 30, 2017. According to the statement, 55-year-old Yelwa died in a hospital in the United States.
His statement read, "With gratitude to Allah (SWT), I regret to announce the death of Her Excellency, Hajiya Yelwa Danjuma Goje, wife of the former Governor of Gombe State, Senator Mohammed Danjuma Goje.
"Aged 55, she died in a hospital in the United States of America. She is survived by her husband, Senator Goje, six children, 10 grandchildren, many relatives, supporters and admirers.
"The date and time of the funeral prayers in Gombe would be announced later."
In a statement signed by Senate President Bukola Saraki later on Monday, he described the deceased as an exemplary pillar of support to her husband.
His statement read, "On behalf of the entire Senate, I commiserate with our brother, friend and colleague, Senator Mohammed Danjuma Goje, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Appropriation, on the loss of his dear wife, Hajia Yelwa Mohammed Goje.
"Over the years, Mrs. Goje served as an exemplary pillar of support to her husband and played the role of a dedicated mother and mentor to many in her community.
"As we join the Goje family to mourn her passing today, we pray that the Almighty Allah (SWT) grant her soul a place among the righteous ones in Al-Jannah Firdaus.
"We also pray that Allah grants the family of Senator Goje the strength and fortitude to bear this irreparable loss. Amin."
Senator Goje also served as Minister of State, Power and Steel from 1999 to 2001 under President Olusegun Obasanjo