Aleppo All you need to know about the fall of Syria's biggest city

Have a basic insight to what led to the downfall of the beautiful city of Aleppo in Syria.

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The fall of Aleppo play

The fall of Aleppo

(The Atlantic )
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Aleppo is the hottest new story on TV these days. Both local and foreign media have been going on and on about the Syrian city.

Traditional news media has a way of blurring the essence of a story with a lot of mumbo-jumbo and news talk, here is a breakdown of what is/was going on in the city of Aleppo.

Map showing the destruction to buildings in the Syrian city of Aleppo up to September 2016 as detected by satellite images play

Map showing the destruction to buildings in the Syrian city of Aleppo up to September 2016 as detected by satellite images

(AFP)

 

  • Aleppo was once the most populous state in Syria. According to a census in 2004, over 2 million people lived in the city.

Aleppo before and after the war play

Aleppo before and after the war

(boredpanda)

 

  • For three years (2013-2016), Aleppo was the battle ground between President of Syria Bashar al-Assad and rebel forces. The rebels ruled the Eastern half and Assad the western half.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad play

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad

(SANA/AFP/File)

 

  • Iran and Russia helped the Assad government in the fight with rebels while the rebels were backed by Saudi Arabia and Qatar. These external influences helped turn the tide of the war many times.

Donald Trump has praised Russian President Vladimir Putin (pictured) for 'his intelligence and no-nonsense way' play

Donald Trump has praised Russian President Vladimir Putin (pictured) for 'his intelligence and no-nonsense way'

(AFP/File)

 

  • September 21, 2015, is regarded as the turning point in the battle for Aleppo. Russia intervened directly for the first time and dropped bombs on the rebel-controlled part of the city. Russia did this under the guise of fighting ISIS. By bombing the city, Aleppo became blocked by Assad's forces and supplies could not be brought into the city. This extreme strategy started affecting the rebels.

Russia, China sign contract worth over $2 bln for Su-35 fighter jets play

Russia, China sign contract worth over $2 bln for Su-35 fighter jets

(Reuters)

 

  • Trapped in, massacres within the city happened immediately. People in Aleppo started committing suicide so as not to be killed by Assad's forces.

 

  • America had the power to prevent the fall of Aleppo but the options were not favourable. First, if the USA was to intervene that meant it had to work with rebels on the ground. Secondly, American jets would have to fly over hostile airspace making it come face-to-face with Russian Airforce. A direct fight between two nuclear powers is not what the world wants right now. Lastly, intervening in Syria meant that America would have to commit long-term to ensuring Assad does not continue the siege after it left.

On Monday, December 19, 2016, the ceasefire between both forces was back on after it failed a few days before. Buses have started evacuating the sick and the wounded in the Eastern part of the city.

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