Politics The top 10 historic events that shaped Americans' lifetimes

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People named the top 10 most memorable events of American history in their lifetimes, from the Apollo 11 moon landing to President Barack Obama's election.

Former President Barack Obama takes the Oath of Office with his wife Michelle by his side on January 20, 2009. play

Former President Barack Obama takes the Oath of Office with his wife Michelle by his side on January 20, 2009.

(Reuters/Jim Young)
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Americans' identities are shaped by shared experiences — and there are a handful of historically significant experiences that stand out above the rest.

A 2016 survey from the Pew Research Center and A+E Networks' History Channel asked more than 2,000 American adults of different ages, races, political views, education levels, and income to list 10 events in their lifetimes they thought had the greatest impact on the country.

The respondents' answers typically varied by generation and other demographic indicators, but there were a couple of recent events that bridged nearly every divide.

Since the survey was conducted over a year ago, the responses don't account for more recent events like President Donald Trump's inauguration, mass shootings in Las Vegas and Parkland, or the #MeToo movement.

From the Apollo 11 moon landing to the election of the nation's first black president, these are the events that were most often included in Americans' top 10 events that will go down as the most significant in the country's history:

10. The Gulf War (tie)

A wounded Ken Kozakiewicz, left, cries after being given the dogtags and learning of the death of a fellow tank crewman, body bag at right, in this Feb 28, 1991 file photo. The widely published photo came to define the Persian Gulf war for many. play

A wounded Ken Kozakiewicz, left, cries after being given the dogtags and learning of the death of a fellow tank crewman, body bag at right, in this Feb 28, 1991 file photo. The widely published photo came to define the Persian Gulf war for many.

(Department of Defense pool/David Turnley via Associated Press)

Roughly 10% of survey respondents placed the Gulf War, which occurred during George H.W. Bush's administration, in the top 10 events that shaped their lifetimes.

The war was of particular importance to Generation X respondents, who were the only generational group to list the event. Gender-wise, the survey showed that 12% of men placed the war in their lists, compared to just 8% of women.



10. The Orlando shooting (tie)

This Monday, July 11, 2016 photo shows a makeshift memorial outside the Pulse nightclub, a month after the mass shooting in Orlando, Fla. play

This Monday, July 11, 2016 photo shows a makeshift memorial outside the Pulse nightclub, a month after the mass shooting in Orlando, Fla.

(Associated Press/John Raoux)

The mass shooting that killed 49 and wounded more than 50 others on June 12, 2016, was also named by 10% of survey respondents, but was ranked particularly highly by Latinos and Millennials, appearing in 19% and 17% of each groups' lists, respectively.

The Pew Research Center notes that the attack, which took place at Orlando's Pulse nightclub on "Latin Night," disproportionately targeted Latinos, who made up 90% of those killed.



9. Gay marriage

A crowd waves rainbow flags during the Heritage Pride March in New York on June 28, 2015 after the Supreme Court legalized gay marriage nationwide. play

A crowd waves rainbow flags during the Heritage Pride March in New York on June 28, 2015 after the Supreme Court legalized gay marriage nationwide.

(AP Photo/Kathy Willens)

The Supreme Court's decision to legalize gay marriage appeared in the top 10 lists of 11% of Americans, but was of most significance to Millennials — 19% of whom included the event.

Gender also factored into the respondents' view of the decision's significance, with 14% of women placing gay marriage in their lists, and just 8% of men.



8. The fall of the Berlin Wall/end of the Cold War

East German border guards look through a hole in the Berlin wall after demonstrators pulled down one segment of the wall at Brandenburg gate in this Nov. 11, 1989 file picture. play

East German border guards look through a hole in the Berlin wall after demonstrators pulled down one segment of the wall at Brandenburg gate in this Nov. 11, 1989 file picture.

(Associated Press/Lionel Cironneau)

The 1989 event that marked the end of the Cold War was listed by 13% of respondents, and was named most commonly by Gen Xers and Baby Boomers.



7. The moon landing

In this July 1969 file photo, Astronaut Buzz Aldrin walks by the footpad of the Apollo 11 Lunar Module. play

In this July 1969 file photo, Astronaut Buzz Aldrin walks by the footpad of the Apollo 11 Lunar Module.

(NASA)

The famous Apollo 11 moon landing by astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin in 1969 was listed by 17% of Americans, but was naturally one of the more generation-specific events to appear, as Millennials and Gen Xers weren't yet born.

A third of Baby Boomers and 29% of Silent Generation respondents listed it.



6. The Iraq/Afghanistan Wars

Soldiers from the 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division rest while waiting to pack their weapons for shipment back to the United States at Camp Virginia, Kuwait on December 19, 2011. play

Soldiers from the 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division rest while waiting to pack their weapons for shipment back to the United States at Camp Virginia, Kuwait on December 19, 2011.

(Reuters/Lucas Jackson)

The rankings of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars also showed a generational disparity — Millennials and Gen Xers were more likely to include the wars on their lists, but it barely ranked on Baby Boomers' lists.

Overall, 17% of Americans named the wars as one of the 10 most significant events in their lifetimes.



5. The Vietnam War

American soldiers are dropped off by U.S.Army helicopters to join South Vietnamese ground troops to advance in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border, in March 1965 during the Vietnam War. play

American soldiers are dropped off by U.S.Army helicopters to join South Vietnamese ground troops to advance in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border, in March 1965 during the Vietnam War.

(Associated Press/Horst Faas)

Although the Vietnam War was a defining event for Baby Boomers in particular, who overwhelmingly listed it as a top 10 moment, 20% of Americans overall listed the conflict.



4. JFK's assassination

President John F. Kennedy, first lady Jackie Kennedy, and Texas Governor John Connally ride through Dallas moments before Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963. play

President John F. Kennedy, first lady Jackie Kennedy, and Texas Governor John Connally ride through Dallas moments before Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963.

(Thomson Reuters)

The assassination of former President John F. Kennedy, which was named by 21% of respondents, was another defining moment for Baby Boomers, who listed the event significantly more often than respondents from older generations.



3. The tech revolution

Apple CEO Steven P. Jobs, left and President John Sculley present the new Macintosh Desktop Computer in January 1984 at a shareholder meeting in Cupertino, California, USA. play

Apple CEO Steven P. Jobs, left and President John Sculley present the new Macintosh Desktop Computer in January 1984 at a shareholder meeting in Cupertino, California, USA.

(Associated Press)

Advancements in technology are one of just a few other events that made most respondents' lists, regardless of their generations, with 22% agreeing it was one of the most significant events in their lifetimes.

The Pew Research Center noted that income and education levels plays a role in respondents' perception of the tech revolution's importance. One-third of high-income earners and college graduates put it on their lists, compared to just 14% of low-income earners and those with a high school education or less.



2. President Barack Obama's election

Barack, Sasha, Malia, and Michelle Obama wave to the crowd in Chicago on election night after he clinched the presidency on November 4, 2008. play

Barack, Sasha, Malia, and Michelle Obama wave to the crowd in Chicago on election night after he clinched the presidency on November 4, 2008.

(AP/Jae C. Hong)

Obama's 2008 election victory was the second-most commonly named event, appearing on 40% of respondents' lists.

Particularly striking is the emphasis black respondents placed on his election; roughly 60% of African Americans named it among the top 10 historic events in their lifetimes, compared to just 36% of whites.



1. September 11, 2001

In this Sept. 11, 2001 file photo, as seen from the New Jersey Turnpike near Kearny, N.J., smoke billows from the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York after airplanes crashed into both towers. play

In this Sept. 11, 2001 file photo, as seen from the New Jersey Turnpike near Kearny, N.J., smoke billows from the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York after airplanes crashed into both towers.

(Associated Press/Gene Boyars)

More than any other event, Americans of all generations, races, genders, and political affiliations agreed that the terror attacks on Sept. 11, 2001 were integral in shaping their lives and the country's history.

More than three-quarters of the respondents included the attacks on their lists of historically significant events, and only black respondents ranked any other event as highly (Obama's presidency, in their case).

The attacks and the country's subsequent response also received the highest ranking when respondents were asked to name the events that made them most proud of their country. Overall, 19% of respondents listed September 11, followed by 14% who listed Obama's election.